Henry clay was also known as the great compromiser or the great pacificator. In 1882, after the formation of the partnership with andrew carnegie, frick and his wife bought clayton, an estate in pittsburgh. He was born on october 18, 1919, in new york city the son of childs frick 18831965, the paleontologist, and grandson of his namesake, the coke and steel magnate henry clay frick 18491919. Henry clay frick is the least known, the most enigmatic, of all the socalled robber barons who stalked the land during americas gilded age. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Frick s birth he was working as an engineer in the mill owned by abraham overholt, at broad ford, pa. Henry clay fricks classic rebuff to andrew carnegie 10. The city is located at the confluence of the allegheny and monongahela rivers, which unite at the point of the golden triangle the business district. Born to a farming family in western pennsylvania, henry clay frick was the grandson of a wealthy miller and distiller. Following decades of american mechanization, business expansion, and the immigrantfueled growth of the industrial working class, men.
Henry clay frick united states industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry frick. In 1905, henry clay frick relocated his family to the vanderbilt mansion at 640 fifth. Martha frick symington sanger martie is a greatgranddaughter of the controversial steel tycoon and preeminent art collector henry clay frick 1849 1919. Henry clay frick remains the quintessential american capitalist. Henry clay was born on april 12, 1777, in hanover, virginia.
Henry clay frick made his fortune during the steel boom in the 1800s with onetime business partner andrew carnegie. Frick henry clay synonyms, frick henry clay pronunciation, frick henry clay translation, english dictionary definition of frick henry clay. It was constructed in 19121914 by thomas hastings of carrere and hastings. In which of the following did henry clay frick and andrew carnegie play prominent roles. Henry clay frick, born december 19, 1849, west overton, pennsylvania, u. Sanger discussed her biography of her greatgrandfather, henry clay frick. Henry clay frick worked as a director of several large companies until his death in 1919.
Staunton erected the staunton art conservatory at the school as a memorial to her late husband. An intimate portrait, published by abbeville press. My neighbor friend leant me this book, which i plowed through. Receiving his formal education in the brief span of thirty months in 1864 and 1865 mt. The only complete biography of frick is george harvey, henry clay. Henry clay frick 18491919 american experience official. Born at clayton, the frick family residence in pittsburgh, her early education took place at home under the tutelage of swiss governess marika ogiz. Pittsburgh titan henry clay frick was the gilded ages man of steel while his competitors slumbered, steel industry magnate henry clay frick worked furiously through physical and psychological. Frick, henry clay 19 december 184902 december 1919, industrialist, was born in west overton, pennsylvania, the son of john w. This was a highly successful venture and he eventually controlled 80 per cent of the coal output of pennsylvania. Henry clay frick sealed off the homestead works and hired 300 pinkertons to protect it. The personal relations between carnegie and frick took on a somewhat puerile phase, but not without the expenditure of millions. Henry clay frick was an american industrialist, financier, unionbuster, and art patron.
He aroused personal sympathy when two of his four children died young in infancy and age six, respectively and he survived an assassination attempt by anarchist alexander berkman. He also financed the construction of the pennsylvania railroad and the. In 1799, henry married lucretia hart of lexington, kentucky, and they had 11 children throughout their married life. Pierpont morgan, william james, henry clay frick, mark twain, and will rogers, titan turns rockefellers life into a vivid tapestry of american society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Senate is returned to le roy, new york the artists hometown. This album of photographs, all taken in 1927 by frick art reference library photographer ira w. Martin, represents the earliest known photographic documentation of the interior of the house at 1.
Aug 11, 2017 how americas most powerful men caused americas deadliest flood. Henry clay 1 frick american industrialist and financier henry clay 2. Frick henry clay definition of frick henry clay by the free. With the help of family money, frick began buying coal mines. Nov 23, 2015 henry clay frick was an american industrialist, financier, unionbuster, and art patron. Henry clay frick december 19, 1849 december 2, 1919 was an american industrialist, financier, unionbuster, and art patron. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Following decades of american mechanization, business expansion, and the immigrantfueled growth of.
Helen clay frick 18881984 was the daughter of industrialist and art collector henry clay frick and his wife, adelaide howard childs frick. Frick, had been a farmer in ohio and pennsylvania, but at the time of h. He was born on october 18, 1919, in new york city the son of childs frick 18831965, the paleontologist, and grandson of his namesake, the coke and steel magnate henry clay frick. Born in west overton, henry clay frick came to control the coke industry and formed a. Penn state university libraries pennsylvania center for the book. Henry clay frick ii october 18, 1919 february 9, 2007 was an american physician and professor of medicine at the columbia university college of physicians and surgeons biography. He did, however, move to france, where he served as an ambulance driver during world war i and lived until the outbreak of world war ii. Frick, henry clay 18491919, industrialist american. Henry clay frick was born in west overton, westmoreland county, pa. Stauntons wife was a founder of ingham university in le roy, and in 1870 mrs. Part of the history matters web site of resources for teaching history.
Anne clay, eliza clay, henrietta clay, henry clay jr. Radical activist emma goldman recounts the attempt to assassinate henry clay frick, the chairman of the carnegie steel company, during the homestead strike in 1892. Sanger has spent approximately two decades researching frick, his family and his art collection. In the late 1800s, gilded age moguls andrew carnegie and henry clay frick teamed up to make massive fortunes in the steel industry. Henry clay frick by devon doster on prezi presentation software. At the time of fricks death in 1919, he willed to the public his new york residence and all of its contents, including art, furniture, and decorative objects, as a museum. Timetoasts free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. Frick, a farmer, and elizabeth overholt, the daughter of abraham overholt, a successful distiller of whiskey and the wealthiest citizen in westmoreland county. Henry clay frick definition of henry clay frick by the free. American industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry and bequeathed to the public a new york city mansion housing his. Henry clay frick synonyms, henry clay frick pronunciation, henry clay frick translation, english dictionary definition of henry clay frick. Henry marries lucretia hart henry clay marries lucretia hart the daughter of.
Henry clay frick 18481919 johnstown flood national. Written in a very boring, scholarly style i admit that i skipped some sections about 23 of the way through the book. Frick henry clay frick henry phipps homestead interest jacob maris judge gary knox labor land later lauder less letter manufacturers matter mellon ment messrs millions mills mind. Andrew carnegie gave his operations manager, henry clay frick, permission to break the union before this deadline.
He was seventh of the nine children of john and elizabeth hudson clay. However the public continued to have a desire for simpler cameras and the 2d was quickly introduced the following year. Brutal with workers, he never hesitated to hire mercenary armies to kill railway and mine strikers. Other than providing a small cottage and a few acres of poor land on his estate, overholt shared none of. Andrew carnegie, henry clay frick, and the bitter partnership that transformed america new york. History of industrialist, art patron, and philanthropist henry clay frick. Henry clay frick december 19, 1849 december 2, 1919 was an american industrialist. The book details fricks life and rise to power as an industrial.
The city is located at the confluence of the allegheny and monongahela rivers, which unite at the point of the golden triangle the business district to form the ohio river. The mansion is located between 70th and 71st street and fifth avenue on the upper east side of manhattan. That seems only right since frick was a primary originator of the south fork fishing and hunting club. Pittsburgh, city, seat 1788 of allegheny county, southwestern pennsylvania, u. With cameos by joseph pulitzer, william randolph hearst, jay gould, william vanderbilt, ida tarbell, andrew carnegie, carl jung, j. Martin, represents the earliest known photographic documentation of the interior of the house at 1 east 70th street. Henry clay frick, the man by george harvey, 1936 online. The american progenitors of henry clay frick were johann nicholas frick and martin overholt who followed william penn from the continent of europe in search of religious freedom and personal opportunity.
Fricks birth he was working as an engineer in the mill owned by abraham overholt, at broad ford, pa. The second child of an immigrant farmer who married the daughter of a flour merchant and whisky distiller, frick worked as a salesman in one of pittsburghs most prominent stores and became the wellpaid chief bookkeeper of. A greatgranddaughter of henry clay frick, once the most hated man in america, has unleashed a 600page biography that is, culturally speaking, a psychological thriller of johnstown flood proportions. Touring the frick museum and house in pittsburghs east end. With unprecedented access to personal letters, private family diaries, and the frick archives at the frick collection in new york city and at family residences in pittsburgh, martha frick symington sanger has written a unique and penetrating account. Henry clay sways the election in favor of adams position, and adam appoints clay as secretary of state. Childs frick born march 12, 1883, martha howard frick born august 9, 1885, helen clay frick born september 3, 1888 and henry clay frick, jr. Henry clay frick s story began in west overton, pennsylvania, a rural village settled by mennonites 40 miles southeast of pittsburgh. When the race between andrew jackson and john quincy adams comes off as inconclusive, the house of representatives is called to make the decision. Henry clay and helen frick, by edmund charles tarbell, c. What issue of gilded age politics contributed to the assassination of president james a. Pittsburgh titan henry clay frick was the gilded ages man.
But their relationship eventually soured, and carnegie muscled his partner out of the business. His grandfather, abraham overholt, owned the overholt distillery and was a leading figure in the village. Henry clay frick, the grandson of a wealthy businessman, was born in pennsylvania in 1849. Henry clay frick was born december 19, 1848 should be 1849 in west overton, pa. This biography explores the contradictions in this great industrialists nature and avoids the extremes of both hagiography and denunciation. Henry clay was an influential politician in the nineteenth century america. Henry clay frick and andrew carnegie were both aggressive business competitors. In july of 1892 workers at the homestead works of the carnegie steel company, went on strike because they wanted to organize, something that frick adamantly opposed.
It resulted in a bloody battle thhat left three pinkerton and eleven steal workers dead. Pittsburgh titan henry clay frick was the gilded ages man of. Frick began building and operating coke ovens in 1870, and the following year he organized frick and company. Henry clay frick was born, from relatively modest mennonite stock, on december 19, 1849, in west overton, a rural community in southwestern pennsylvania.
Frick s wife was abraham overholts daughter, and h. Henry clay frick was born on december 19, 1849 in west. Frick henry clay definition of frick henry clay by the. In 1942 he graduated from princeton university and then from the medical school in 1944 at columbia. American industrialist and financier henry clay frick 18491919 played leading roles in expanding the carnegie steel company into the largest such enterprise in the world and in forming the united states steel company. Even after winning a lawsuit against carnegie and receiving compensation for the illtreatment, frick wasnt satisfied, and spent the remainder of. As pittsburgh was the center of the steel world at the time, you can imagine that his fortune was quite large and he lived a lifestyle reflective of that wealth. Jan 19, 2019 henry clay frick made his fortune during the steel boom in the 1800s with onetime business partner andrew carnegie. History of pittsburgh timeline timetoast timelines. Until they refused to come back to work, frick locked the workers out of the mill. Henry frick, remembered by art lovers today for his splendid collection of oldmaster paintings by rembrandt, bellini, and others that make up new yorks frick museum, was one of the 19th centurys worst robber barons.
I was highly motivated to learn more about henry clay frick, having just visited the frick collection in new york city. From 1793 to 1797 henry clay started wroking for geroge wyth chancellor of the high court of chancery as a secretary. The second of six children, he was named for the whig leader and kentucky senator henry clay. In late june frick locked them out and fenced off the plant. It was transformed into a museum in the mid1930s and houses the frick. Noted biographer of this nineteenth and early twentieth century titan, ms. American industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry and bequeathed to the public a. Mar 27, 2020 pittsburgh, city, seat 1788 of allegheny county, southwestern pennsylvania, u.
Henry clay managed temporarily to tame sectional passions. Henry clay frick and the industrial transformation of america pittsburgh. Henry clay frick definition of henry clay frick by the. Henry clay fricks classic rebuff to andrew carnegie. Henry clay frick stood for more than just his own success.
The frick collection is a museum built by henry thats open to the public and is available for all to enjoy. For more facts on henry clay read the fact file below or download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment henry clay was born on april 12, 1777, in. History in the remaking the frick center renovation deserves support. Mar 18, 2017 henry clay frick is probably most infamous for his role in the homestead strike.
Frick began by cutting the workers wages, which the workers protested by starting the homestead strike. Henry clay admitted into the virgina bar henry clay was admitted into the virgina bar which is collective body of members of the legal profession. The henry clay frick house was the residence of the industrialist and art patron henry clay frick in new york city. S representative who also served as president john quincy adams secretary of state.113 763 218 646 75 1405 902 1511 979 774 187 1087 1332 156 1471 1335 1145 466 940 343 231 620 820 1430 1412 597 1281