Total score greater than five indicates probably depression. Brink keep up on every nuance of the scale but we try to answer questions as work permits. A new geriatric depression scale gds designed specifically for rating depression in the elderly was tested for reliability and validity and compared with the hamilton rating scale for depression hrsd and the zung selfrating depression scale sds. Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale cesd scale. Additionally, as one of the most com mon and disabling mental disorders, depression has been reported to be the third leading contributor to the. State that thoughts of suicide are often associated with a treatable mental. Answers indicating depression are in bold and italicized. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution license, which permits unrestricted. Pdf internal consistency and exploratory factorial. Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale ces d scale friends national resource center for communitybased childabuse prevention 2 the cesd is used for initial screening of symptoms related to depression or psychological distress. The evaluation of the center for epidemiologic studies.
Depression is common in late life, affecting nearly 5 million of the 31 million americans aged 65 and older. While there are many instruments available to measure depression, the geriatric depression scale gds, first created by yesavage, et al. Background information on depression 12 mental health and immigrants types of immigrants 15 depression in immigrants 16 epidemiology of depression 17 center for epidemiologic. Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. This publication is an article resulted from a phd thesis on cerebral cortex to. While there are several available measures, the center for epidemiological studies depression scale. The original scale is in the public domain due to it being partly the result of federal support. Following the methodology that rhee et al used with ra patient data, 6 alternative models were compared. Both major and minor depression are reported in % of community dwelling older adults, 24% of older medical outpatients, 30% of older acute care patients, and 43% of nursing home dwelling older adults blazer, 2002a. Previous studies of the depression and somatic symptoms scale dsss, a. Depression is a significant contributor to the global burden of disease. Yesavage ja, brink tl, rose tl, lum o, huang v, adey m, et al. The reference for the development and validation of the ces d is included on the references page.
Validation of the center for epidemiologic studies depression. Because the oasis, which one study has suggested may fail to identify depression in many people,2 is a checklist and doesnt include detailed questions on mood, the nurse decides to administer the geriatric depression scale. Use of yesavages geriatric depression scale to evaluate. While useful, depression scales should not replace a thorough history andphysical examination. Reliability and validity of the center for epidemiologic. Abraham of the unchanging nature of depressive symptoms over time. Lenore kurlowicz, phd, rn, cs, faan, university of pennsylvania school of nursing y sherry a. A selfreport depression scale for research in the general population lenore sawyer radloff center for epidemiologic studies national institute of mental health. Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past. Goldbergs depression scale psychiatry associates, p.
Use of yesavages geriatric depression scale to evaluate the prevalence of depression in inpatient elderly subjects abstract in english aims. The results found enabled to conclude that the scale of the center for epidemiologic studies of depression cesd presents good psychometric characteristics, evaluated by. Depression has a huge societal impact, making accurate measurement paramount. The following is a comment on the importance of the 1991 finding by i. Use of yesavages geriatric depression scale to evaluate the. What it is, symptoms, causes, treatment, types, and more. Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale ces d scale friends national resource center for communitybased childabuse prevention 2 the cesd is used for initial. A new geriatric depression scale gds designed specifically for rating depression in the elderly was tested for reliability. Construct validity of the depression and somatic symptoms scale. I the yesavage geriatric depression scale commonly abbreviated gds is a brief questionnaire designed specifically for rating depression in the elderly, in which participants are asked to respond to the 30 questions by answering yes or no in reference to how they felt on the day of administration. Review article the link between depression and chronic pain. A selfreport depression scale for research in the general population lenore sawyer radloff center for epidemiologic studies national institute of mental health the cesd scale is a short selfreport scale designed to measure depressive symptomatology in the general population. The validation of the short form of the geriatric depression. In the geriatric depression scale, questions are answered yes or no.
The ones marked may be different from the article in the profile. The hospital anxiety and depression scale 363 table 1 numbers of patients in each category according to subscale scores depression anxiety scale non. Validation of the center for epidemiologic studies. Formally called the goldberg depression inventory questionnaire, the test consists of 18 questions that can be taken online to gain immediate feedback on the level of depression a. Please read each question carefully, then circle one of the numbers to the right to indicate how you. Contrary to popular belief, depression is not a natural part of. Abstract in this article, social work intervention in spanish prisons for crimes related. Development and validation of a geriatric depression. Yesavage ja, brink tl, rose tl, lum o, huang v, adey m, leirer vo. Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale. Screening for prenatalpostpartum depression center for epidemiologic studiesdepression cesd scale the center for epidemiologic studiesdepression ces d scale is provided for. Somatic symptoms such as weight loss, sleep disturbances, and pessimism about the future, are common symptoms of depression among younger. However, because the cesd does not assess the full range of depression symptoms for example, it.
Unidimensionality of the yesavage and brink geriatric depression scale. Reliability of the brazilian version of the abbreviated form of geriatric depression scale gds short form. Observational scale and geriatric depression scale of. In response to certain life events, these emotions can even feel inescapable, whats known as situational depression or adjustment disorder. Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale cesd, nimh below is a list of the ways you might have felt or behaved.
Yesavage geriatric depression scale gds online calculator. Depression is an important public health problem and is closely associated with suicidal behavior in the population. We call it feeling blue, down in the dumps, in a funk. Jerome a yesavage geriatric depression scale psychopharmacology bulletin 1988 24. The aim of the current study was the standardization of the. Usefulness of the geriatric depression scale 15item. Geriatric depression scale this scale was developed as a basic screening measure for depression in older adults.
Com\256 mental health pages goldbergs depression s. Injury prevention for older adults preventing suicide. Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale cesd scale page 1of 1 instructions. In this article, learn what depression is and what causes it. While there are many instruments available to measure depression, the geriatric depression scale gds. Greenberg, msn, gnpbc, hartford institute for geriatric nursing, nyu college of nursing. The gds long form is a brief, 30item questionnaire in which participants. The geriatric depression scale gds is an instrument that was developed, regarding both content and design, to assess depressive symptoms and screen for depression among older people yesavage et al. The gds long form is a brief, 30item questionnaire in which.
Please read each question carefully, then circle one of the numbers to the right to indicate how you have felt or behaved during the past week,including today. Although the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale ces. This cited by count includes citations to the following articles in scholar. Where a score of more than five is indicated, a more. Prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among. The geriatric depression scale15 gds15 is a short, 15item instrument specifically designed to assess depression in geriatric populations. The geriatric depression scale gds is a 30item selfreport assessment used to identify depression in the elderly.
The geriatric depression scale gds was used in bhs4 to screen older adults for depression friedman et al. The following variables were associated with depression in a statistically significant way. Unidimensionality of the yesavage and brink geriatric. The geriatric depression scale was first introduced by yesavage et al. During the past week rarely or none of the time less than 1 day some or a little of the time 12 days occasionally or a moderate amount of time 3. Accuracy of the 15item geriatric depression scale gds15. Internal consistency and exploratory factorial analysis of the yesavage geriatric depression scale gds15 in cartagena colombia article pdf available in salud uninorte 241. A fivecategory response set is not utilized in order to ensure that the scale is simple. To evaluate the prevalence of depression in elderly hospitalized in a tertiary hospital, through the application of yesavage s geriatric depression scale, short version gds15. Although the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale ces d is widely used for assessment of depression, the psychometric characteristics of this scale have not been explored in studies of suicide attempters and local residents in rural areas.
Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale cesd. We also describe the types, their treatments, and more. James university hospital, leeds, yorkshire, england abstract a selfassessment scale has been developed and found to be a reliable instrument for detecting states of depression and anxi. Screening for prenatalpostpartum depression center for. Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week.
Construct validity of the depression and somatic symptoms. The original scale is in the public domain due to it being partly the. The higher the score, the more symptoms the individual is exhibiting. Sf, read it watch it try it web video watch a video demonstrating the use and inter. Translation and adaptation of the center for epidemiologic. While there are several available measures, the center for epidemiological studies depression scale cesd is a popular assessment tool that has wide applicability in the general population. Distribution of cited references in the area of depression prevention based on publication.264 998 563 1258 463 533 458 405 1063 277 1547 553 1381 474 427 1385 1308 1404 634 13 1345 741 700 1142 620 280 1172 973 1193 1431 615 798 1561 486 598 2 1469 926 1420 1493 1013 1368 1331 1242