Entry 150, correspondence relating to the service of spanish american war contract nurses, 1898 1939. Spanish american war 1898, conflict between the united states and spain that ended spanish colonial rule in the americas and resulted in u. On february 15, 1898, the ship blew up in the harbor of havana. The 51st iowa volunteers leaving the presidio and heading for the philippines in 1898. A complete history of the spanishamerican war of 1898 by copeland, w. Publication date 1899 topics spanishamerican war, 1898 publisher new york. The war of 1898 university of north carolina press. Spanishamerican war of 1898 article about spanishamerican. It was, to a large degree, brought about by the efforts of u.
Entry 9, service records of contract surgeons, 1898 1915. Entry 150, correspondence relating to the service of spanish american war contract nurses, 18981939. The victory over spain made the united states a colonial power. Photographic history of the spanish american war, p.
At the time, no one really knew why the ship exploded. The united states army in the spanishamerican war by graham a. February 1899 to july 1902 this was a conflict with filipinos. Spanishamerican war definition of spanishamerican war. In late 1898, when albert beveridgesoon to be elected u. Social gospelsocial darwinism focus on society and all of its different manifestationsclass, culture, how development impacts different social groups social gospel represents a religious value system that requires a basic christian tradition for. Spanishamerican war article about spanishamerican war by. In his acknowledgements otoole states that for decades the war was no more than a colorful episode of the ragtime era and a matter of little historical consequence. National archives records relating to service in the. These antique photographic images are of cuba, cubans, the cuban landscape, and the u. Maine americans incorrectly blame the spanish due to. The 25th american president and was in power during the spanish american war.
An introduction to the spanish american war of 1898. Spanish american war, 1898, brief conflict between spain and the united states arising out of spanish policies in cuba. Expansion overseas independence movements in spanish colonies led to the spanish american war in 1898. Soldiers continued to become ill, forcing the military beef court to get involved. Entry 149, personal data of spanishamerican war contract nurses, 18981939.
National archives records relating to service in the spanish. Fought between april and august 1898, the spanishamerican war was the result of american concern over spanish treatment of cuba, political pressures, and anger over the sinking of uss maine. In setting up as its objective the capture of cuba, the philippines, and puerto rico, which were under spanish colonial rule, the us government considered these possessions not only as valuable sources of raw materials and commodity. In rapid campaigns, american forces seized the philippines and guam. Sailors, soldiers, and marines of the spanishamerican war. President mckinley refused to declare war until the last possible moment in order to preserve good spanish american relations. Fought between april and august 1898, the spanish american war was the result of american concern over spanish treatment of cuba, political pressures, and anger over the sinking of uss maine. Though president william mckinley had wished to avoid war, american forces moved swiftly once it began. They can be boiled down, however, to two main factors and a catalyst. Navy special order 1865 april 17 assemblage of officers to attend special order 1865 april 17 navy department closure.
Spanishamerican war, 1898, brief conflict between spain and the united states arising out of spanish policies in cuba. Prior to the civil war, southerners wanted to annex cuba as another proslave state. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of uss maine in havana harbor in cuba, leading to u. Unexpected consequences how the spanishamerican war.
Today, most american high school students learn about the spanish american war through stories and images of teddy roosevelt and his roughriders charging up san juan hill in cuba, but few teachers discuss puerto rico. List of books and articles about spanishamerican war. Students will identify, understand and be able to explain the details of the invasion and occupation of puerto rico by us troops during the spanish american war. New mexicos part in the civil war, when the territory was very young and its citizens and its interests less thoroughly american than now, is only dimmed by the lustre shed on her military annals by the performance of her sons in the war with spain. American economic imperialism and the spanishamerican war era. Lodge also believed the treaty would compromise american sovereignty and was especially opposed to the united states joining the league of. Spanishamerican war, 1898, conflict between the united states and spain that ended spanish colonial rule in the americas and resulted in u. Other authors saw the trend of combining manifest destiny and economic.
South carolina press opinions toward the spanishamerican war. Spanishamerican war photographs and cartoons from the graupner family papers. Spanish pows in manila, philippines during the spanishamerican war. American newspapers yellow journals covered the abuse of spanish civilians. Treaty of paris 1898 treaty that ended the spanish american war. Paper copies may be made, free of charge, for classroom use, but must include a notice acknowledging the source. The author reveals the reasons and circumstances leading up to this conflict after giving an account of commodore george deweys attack on the spanish squadron under the command of rear admiral patricio montojo y pasaron at manila bay on the 1st may 1898. The photographs are simply stunning and incredibly rare. Image galleries spanish american war maps and pictures independent cuba images click on an image to enlarge it. The long titlespanishamericancubanfilipino waris used here in order to. The cuban war of independence that began in 1895 transformed into the spanish america war when president w.
Spanishamerican war 1898 photos of cuba student handouts. Entry 149, personal data of spanish american war contract nurses, 1898 1939. By november 1869, the four infantry regiments were consolidated into two and. Students will identify, understand and be able to explain how the us government saw puerto rico and puerto ricans after officially annexing the territory through the treaty of paris 1898. Hist 202 exam two notes test 2 imperialism began with.
The war of 1898, better known as the spanish american war, was caused by a variety of factors. Buffalo soldiers in the spanishamerican war 1898 1898. Spanishamerican war april 1898 to february 1899 the fighting had ended by july 1898, but the treaty of peace was not signed until february 6, 1899. Expansion overseas independence movements in spanish colonies led to the spanishamerican war in 1898. A provocative reinterpretation that will undoubtedly influence subsequent writing about the war. The membership of united spanish war veterans thus consisted of veterans of three distinct wars. It had a strategic location in the caribbean sea and at the entrance to the gulf of mexico. Spanishamerican war 1898 president mckinley tells spain to leave cuba sinking of warship u. Paterson a s spain, the united states, cuba, puerto rico, and the philippines approach the centenary of the 1898 war, scholars. Cuban nationalists revolt against spanish rule 1896. The war originated in the cuban struggle for independence from spain, which began in february 1895. Spanish policy of forcibly relocating cuban villagers. A little over a century later, the spanishamerican war established it as a major world power. A war between spain and the united states in 1898, as a result of which spain ceded puerto rico, the philippine islands, and guam to the united states.
Spanishamerican war synonyms, spanishamerican war pronunciation, spanishamerican war translation, english dictionary definition of spanishamerican war. New mexicos part in the civil war, when the territory was very young and its citizens and its interests less thoroughly american than now, is only dimmed by the lustre shed on her military annals by the performance of. The spanishamerican war, 1898 office of the historian. An introduction to the spanish american war of 1898 essay. The spanish american war, 1898 is one in a series great campaigns published by combined books in pennsylvania and is presented in hardback with eight chapters, 352 pages, extensive appendixes, maps, biographies, sidebars and illustrations. On the night of 15 february 1898 the battleship uss maine was shattered by an explosion which sent the ship and twothirds of her crew to the bottom of havana harbor. Army and counterinsurgency in the phillipine war 18991902 by the same author, an army for empire. Bolstered by widespread sympathy for those who were seeking cuban independence from spains colonial rule, the emotioncharged maine tragedy forced the already strained spanish american relations to the breaking point. The united spanish war veterans was an american veterans organization which consisted of veterans of the spanishamerican war, philippineamerican war and china relief expedition. Soon after the spanishamerican war ended, in early 1899, discharged veterans formed fraternal societies to keep in touch with their former comrades. The war of 1898, better known as the spanishamerican war, was caused by a variety of factors. Publication date 1900 topics spanishamerican war, 1898. Join or merge territory into an existing political unit such as a country or state. The next day, on april 25, the us declared war on spain.
On april 25, 1898 the united states declared war on spain following the sinking of the battleship maine in havana harbor on february 15, 1898. As a result spain lost its control over the remains of its overseas empire cuba, puerto rico, the philippines islands, guam, and other islands. A history of the spanishamerican war of 1898 by titherington, richard h. The journals headline read the warship maine was split in two by an enemys secret infernal machine. The fourmonth conflagration marked the transformation of the united states from a developing nation into a global power. The images come from the massive 1899 twovolume set our islands and their people. One hundred years ago, in 1898, the united states was fighting the spanishamerican war. Spain had communicated with officials on the island on april 14, 1898, but the war was yet to be declared. An introduction to the spanish american war of 1898 the sparking of warfare between two or more parties that tend to clash with each other upon the pretext of a particular contention in possible concern to racial, political or national ideological is something that the world has experienced frequently over the course of written history. Digmaang espanyolamerikano was an armed conflict between spain and the united states in 1898.
While the regular army generally viewed the national guard as less professional and incapable of defending the nation, the results from the national guards preparation for the philippines supported the regular armys disdain for them and seemed to indicate a. In the event that war was declared against spain, they were to capture the enemy squadron in manila, the philippine capital. The spanishamerican war, 1898 the spanishamerican war of 1898 ended spains colonial empire in the western hemisphere and secured the position of the united states as a pacific power. In his own personal opinion, osgood believed that a blend of these two approaches. The american revolution established the united states as an independent nation. Spanishamerican war 1898 the best book axis history forum. The spanishamerican war hispanic division, library of congress. Bolstered by widespread sympathy for those who were seeking cuban independence from spains colonial rule, the emotioncharged maine tragedy forced the already strained spanishamerican relations to the. Spanishamerican war 1898, conflict between the united states and spain that ended spanish colonial rule in the americas and resulted in u. Through the investigation of primary and secondary sources, students here will identify, understand and be able to explain the details of how and why the. The spanishamerican war ended on august, 1898, with spains defeat. The book offers a clear and concise account of the spanish american war fought in 1898.
This year marks the centennial of the spanishamerican war, which was fought between may and august 1898. Entry 9, service records of contract surgeons, 18981915. Spanishamerican war and the philippineamerican war, 1898. Senator from indianadelivered this speech, the status of the recent acquisitions from the spanishamerican war remained to be settled. I would further recommend the phillipine war 18991902 by brian mcallister linn although linn attempts to minimize american atrocities, which i also have, and the u. The spanish colonies of cuba, puerto rico, guam, and the philippines, as well as the formerly independent nation of hawaii, became american posse. The spanishamerican war was an armed conflict between spain and the united states in. However, the war had farreaching effects for both the united. The conflict lasted four months in the summer of 1898, and ended in a resounding american victory. The result was the 1898 treaty of paris, negotiated on terms favorable to the u. The following year on february 4, the philippineamerican war broke out as the us lay claim to the former spanish territory. An american epic 1898 brings the war, at least from the american point of view, to life in vivid detail. All four veteran black regiments took part in the american invasion of cuba in 1898. Many americans began to feel sad for cuba and angry at spain.
Auto suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters. A complete history of the spanishamerican war of 1898. Spanish american war 18981901 spanish american war 18981901 timeline of spanish american war. Causes of the spanish american war schoolworkhelper. Even before the official declaration of war against spain, the american fleet in the pacific was steaming off to the philippines, which had been a part of the spanish empire for over 300 years. Just as the new york heat wave helped shape roosevelts domestic progressivism, the spanish american war of 1898 was, in part, a consequence of the romanticism of war, the social darwinist philosophy, and the belief in americas imperial destiny shared by roosevelt, massachusetts senator henry cabot lodge, newspaper magnate william randolph. The goal was to round up cuban rebels who were fighting to win independence from spain. Spanishamerican war 1898 cuban background of the war early american interest. Apr 16, 2010 an introduction to the spanish american war of 1898.
Finding aid of the spanish american war collection, 1898 1949. May 3, 1898, recruiting was continued to replace the men rejected by the medical. The spanishamerican war lasted only about ten weeks in 1898. On april 21, 1898, the united states declared war against spain. In 1898, however, american newspapers claimed the spanish had blown up the ship.
A little over a century later, the spanish american war established it as a major world power. Spanishamerican war and territorial annexation of 1898. Their prowess, discipline, and devotion during the american civil war led to congress sanctioning the creation of six black units in 1866 the ninth and tenth cavalry regiments, and the thirtyeighth, thirtyninth, fortieth and fortyfirst infantry regiments. Entry 108, annual efficiency reports on nurses, 18981917. For many reasons, this short war was a turning point in the history of the united states. The treaty of paris ending the spanishamerican war was signed on december 10, 1898. The spanishamerican war of 1898 ended spains colonial empire in the western hemisphere and secured the position of the united states as a pacific power. Spanishamerican war of 1898 the first imperialist war for the division among the imperialists of colonial possessions.
Aug 28, 2019 entry 108, annual efficiency reports on nurses, 1898 1917. That was the situation on guam until june of 1898, during the outbreak of the spanish and american war. New mexico in the spanish american war, 1898 genealogy village. Using the trope of the march of the flag, beveridge argued that the nation had a duty to extend. First published in 1958, this book draws heavily on firsthand accounts and is widely regarded as the definitive account of the military aspects of the spanishamerican war. The ninth and tenth cavalry regiments were organized in the same division alongside white units under the overall command of the 61yearold major general joseph wheeler fighting joe wheeler had served as a confederate general during the american civil war.857 246 1048 1140 232 1428 1398 228 1196 636 1122 777 935 1472 1562 1349 1346 1431 1022 1430 113 67 557 266 1366 771 835 1024 325 62 535 516 1456 1462